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Home > Sustainable Energy > Electric Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)
 

Electric Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)

TheNew Hampshire Renewable Portfolio Standard Retrospective 2007 – 2015was produced for the Sustainable Energy Division of the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission through a partnership with the University of New Hampshire’s Sustainability Institute Fellowship program. 

The report contains information on New Hampshire and surrounding states’ Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policy by providing an overview of NH’s RPS from 2007 through 2015 and exploring topics such as renewable energy certificates, alternative compliance payments, legislative changes, and future technology and policy considerations. 


Please note the process of REC Review is being modified. Routine REC applications will no longer be part of the docketbook. Click here for more information.

 

New Hampshire's RPS statute, RSA 362-F, requires each electricity provider to meet customer load by purchasing or acquiring certificates representing generation from renewable energy based on total megawatt-hours supplied. New Hampshire’s RPS statute divides renewable energy sources into four separate classes. A summary of the eligible sources for each class is below; please see RSA 326:F for full details regarding requirements for each source.

Class I - New Renewable Energy. Sources producing electricity or “useful thermal energy” (i.e., Class I Thermal) generated by any of the following resources, provided the generator began operation after January 1, 2006, except as noted below:

• Wind energy;
• Hydrogen derived from biomass fuels or methane gas;
• Ocean thermal, wave, current, or tidal energy;
• Methane gas;
• Eligible biomass fuels (including the biomass share of certain generators co-fired with fossil fuels);
• Solar-electric energy not used to satisfy the minimum Class II obligation;
• The incremental new production of electricity in any year from an eligible biomass, eligible methane source, or hydroelectric generating facility of any capacity, over its historical generation baseline;
• The production of electricity from Class III or IV sources that have been restored through significant investment.

Class I Thermal- Useful Thermal Energy. Class I Thermal resources must be used to meet a set percentage of the total Class I RPS obligation as outlined in RSA 362-F:3. Eligible Class I Thermal sources include the following technologies that began operation after January 1, 2013 except as noted below:

•Geothermal systems that began producing thermal energy;
•Solar-thermal systems that produce useful thermal energy only;
• Eligible biomass generators that meet emissions criteria;
• The production of useful thermal energy from certain biomass thermal sources which began operation prior to January 1, 2013 and have been upgraded or replaced through significant investment.

Class II - New Solar.  Solar technologies; provided the electric generator began operation after January 1, 2006.

Class III - Existing Biomass/Methane. Eligible biomass systems of 25 megawatts (MW) or less, and methane gas, provided the generator began operation before January 1, 2006. Methane gas sources which began operation prior to 2006 and exceed an aggregated gross nameplate capacity of 10 MW at any single landfill site are not eligible.

Class IV - Existing Small Hydroelectric. Hydro facilities up to 5 MW, provided the generator began operation before January 1, 2006, and complies with certain environmental protection criteria; and hydroelectric facilities up to 1 MW that are interconnected to the distribution grid in New Hampshire. Please note that the Commission has issued an Order waiving the PUC’s administrative rule requiring certain Class IV facilities to have installed upstream and downstream diadromous fish passages.  See Order 25,394.

The RPS requirement increases from 4% in 2008  to 25.2% in 2025 and thereafter. The RPS obligations by class and year are as follows:

 

Renewable Portfolio Standard Obligations

Calendar Year

Total RPS Requirement

Class I Non-Thermal*

Class I Thermal

Total Class I

Class II

Class III

Class IV

2008

4.00%

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

3.50%

0.50%

2009

6.00%

0.50%

0.00%

0.50%

0.00%

4.50%

1.00%

2010

7.54%

1.00%

0.00%

1.00%

0.04%

5.50%

1.00%

2011

9.58%

2.00%

0.00%

2.00%

0.08%

6.50%

1.00%

2012

5.55%

3.00%

0.00%

3.00%

0.15%

1.40%

1.00%

2013

5.80%

3.80%

0.00%

3.80%

0.20%

0.50%

1.30%

2014

7.20%

4.60%

0.40%

5.00%

0.30%

0.50%

1.40%

2015

8.30%

5.40%

0.60%

6.00%

0.30%

0.50%

1.50%

2016

8.50%

5.60%

0.60%

6.20%

0.30%

0.50%

1.50%

2017

17.60%

6.80%

1.00%

7.80%

0.30%

8.00%

1.50%

2018

18.70%

7.50%

1.20%

8.70%

0.50%

8.00%

1.50%

2019

19.70%

8.20%

1.40%

9.60%

0.60%

8.00%

1.50%

2020

20.70%

8.90%

1.60%

10.50%

0.70%

8.00%

1.50%

2021

21.60%

9.60%

1.80%

11.40%

0.70%

8.00%

1.50%

2022

22.50%

10.30%

2.00%

12.30%

0.70%

8.00%

1.50%

2023

23.40%

11.00%

2.20%

13.20%

0.70%

8.00%

1.50%

2024

24.30%

11.90%

2.20%

14.10%

0.70%

8.00%

1.50%

2025 and thereafter

25.20%

12.80%

2.20%

15.00%

0.70%

8.00%

1.50%

* Beginning January 1, 2018, a provider of electricity may use certificates issued based on the production of biodiesel in New Hampshire to meet up to 12.5% of the provider's Non-Thermal Class I portfolio standard requirements in any given year.  

Visit the Historical RPS Obligation Changes webpage to view legislative and commission changes to RPS obligations over time.

*Class I thermal is a subset of Class I. The thermal requirements are subsumed in the Class I requirement and are not additional to Class I.

Obligations highlighted in red indicate changes made by SB148 and HB542 and the following Orders: 

Note that with Order No. 25,978 dated January 17, 2017 under Docket No. 16-850, the Commission changed the Class I Thermal obligations in 2016. 

Note that with Order No. 25,844 dated December 2, 2015 under Docket No. 15-477, the Commission changed the Class III obligations in 2016. 

Note that with Order No. 26,768 dated March 13, 2015 under Docket No. DE 15-035, the Commission changed the Class III obligations in 2014 and 2015.

Note that with Order No. 25,674 dated June 3, 2014 under Docket No. DE 14-104, the Commission changed the Class III obligations in 2013.

Note that with Order No. 25,484 dated April 4, 2013 under Docket No. DE 13-021, the Commission changed the Class III obligations in 2012 and 2013 and the Class I and Class I thermal obligations in 2013. 

Click here for more information on the development of the Class I Thermal Renewable Energy Certificate Program.

NET METERING CREDIT FOR CLASS I AND CLASS II
PURSUANT TO RSA 362-F:6, II-a

Pursuant to RSA 362-F:6, II-a and Puc 2503.04(d), the Commission has computed a preliminary estimate of the percentage credit for Class I and Class II based on the capacity of the customer-sited sources that are net metered and are not certified to create Class I or II renewable energy certificates (RECs).    

Credit for Class I:

0.0047%

Credit for Class II:

0.2484%

 This credit is based on the following assumptions:

Total Estimated 2016 Electricity Sales

10,715,674,015 kWh

Customer Sited Sources that are Net Metered and Not Certified to Create RECs

 

Class I Capacity

290* kW

Class II Capacity

17,548* kW

Capacity Factor

20%

*Note that for any facility that came on-line in 2016, the estimated generation was pro-rated based on the month that it came on-line.

At the time of the renewable portfolio standard compliance filing, an electricity provider may claim a Class I REC credit equal to the percentage credit for Class I times the total electricity (MWh) provided to end-use customers by that electricity provider. In addition, an electricity provider may claim a Class II REC credit equal to the percentage credit for Class II times the total electricity (MWh) provided to end-use customers.

Under the RPS statute, electricity providers are required to generate or purchase renewable energy certificates from suppliers through the New England Power Pool Generation Information System (NEPOOL-GIS). A renewable energy certificate represents 1 megawatt-hour of electricity produced from eligible renewable energy sources and may be sold separately from the associated electricity.

If the electricity providers are not able to meet the RPS requirements by purchasing or acquiring renewable energy certificates, they must pay alternative compliance payments (ACPs). The alternative compliance payment prices by class are:

Inflation Adjusted Alternative Compliance Payment Rate ($ per Megawatt Hour)

 

2013

2014

2015

2016 2017

Class I (Non-Thermal)

 $ 55.00

 $ 55.37

 $ 55.75

 $ 55.72

  $ 56.02

Class I Thermal

 $ 25.00

 $ 25.17

 $ 25.34

 $ 25.33

  $ 25.46

Class II

 $ 55.00

 $ 55.37

 $ 55.75

 $ 55.72

  $ 56.02

Class III

 $ 31.50

 $ 31.93

 $ 45.00

 $ 45.00

  $ 55.00

Class IV

 $ 26.50

 $ 26.86

 $ 27.23

 $ 27.20 *

  $ 27.49


* Incorrect value of $27.23 updated on 6/22/17 to correct value of $27.20


In accordance with RSA 362-F:10, III. (a), the ACPs for Class IV are adjusted by the Consumer Price Index and for Classes I and II by ½ of the Consumer Price Index.  In accordance with RSA 362-F:10, III. (b), the Class III ACP is $45 for 2015, and 2016; and $55 for 2017, 2018, and 2019.

Click here for complete list of Alternative Compliance Payment Rates.

Proceeds from the ACPs are then used to fund qualified renewable energy initiatives and projects.

On an annual basis, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission will review electricity providers’ compliance with the previous calendar year’s RPS requirements. Electricity providers include New Hampshire ’s competitive electricity suppliers and electric distribution utilities (Eversource, Liberty Utilities, Unitil Energy Systems, Inc. and the New Hampshire Electric Cooperative).  In accordance with the Commission administration rules, Chapter Puc 2500 which implements New Hampshire ’s RPS Program, electricity providers file annual compliance reports by July 1 st of each year.

  • The Annual RPS Compliance Filing for the 2016 compliance year is due on July 1, 2017.  Click here for:

Please submit either a hard copy or electronic versions of the Form E-2500 AND the GIS My Settled Certificates Disposition Reports.  Please submit the electronic versions to stephen.eckberg@puc.nh.gov and the hard copies to the following:

Debra A. Howland, Executive Director
New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission
21 South Fruit Street, Suite 10
Concord, NH 03301-2429

For alternative compliance payments, please pay by electronic transfer or check.   Please contact Eunice Landry at eunice.landry@puc.nh.gov or (603) 271-6008 for electronic transfers.  Please submit checks to the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission, 21 S. Fruit St., Suite 10, Concord, NH 03301-2429.

If you have any questions regarding the 2016 RPS compliance year Form E-2500, please contact Stephen Eckberg at (603) 271-2431 or stephen.eckberg@puc.nh.gov.  

If you have any questions about the RPS program, please check our Frequently Asked Questions for answers or contact Stephen Eckberg (603) 271-4042 or stephen.eckberg@puc.nh.gov

The information on this website is a summary of New Hampshire ’s RPS program. For more details see the Puc 2500 Rules.